Wednesday, August 26, 2020
Perhaps the most astute individuals ever to live, Albert Einstein, changed our general public's advancement perpetually with his perspectives, hypotheses, and improvements. Einstein was conceived in Ulm, Germany on March 14, 1879. He was the main child of Hermann and Pauline Kech Einstein. He spent his childhood in Munich, where his family claimed a little electrical hardware plant. He didn't talk until the age of three and by the age of nine, was as yet not conversant in his local language. (Finding World History) His folks were really concerned the he may be to some degree intellectually impeded. His parent's interests aside, even as an adolescent Einstein indicated a splendid interest in nature and a capacity to comprehend troublesome scientific ideas. At 12 years old he showed himself Euclidian Geometry. Einstein despised the dull regimental and unoriginal soul of school in Munich. (Albert Einstein's Early Life) His folks carefully thought to move him out of that condition. In spite of the fact that Einstein's family was Jewish, he was sent to a Catholic grade school from 1884 to 1889. He was then enlisted at the Luitpold Gymnasium in Munich. In 1894, Hermann Einstein's business fizzled and the family moved to Pavia, close to Milan, Italy. Einstein was deserted in Munich to permit him to complete school. Such was not to be the situation, be that as it may, since he left the recreation center after just six additional months. Einstein's biographer, Philip Frank, clarifies that Einstein so altogether disdained conventional tutoring that he contrived a plan by which he got a clinical reason from school based on a likely mental meltdown. He at that point persuaded an arithmetic instructor to guarantee that he was enough arranged to start his school concentrates without a secondary school recognition. Different accounts, in any case, express that Einstein was removed from the exercise room in light of the fact that he was a problematic impact at the school. (Finding World History) In 1895, Einstein thought himself prepared to take the selection test for the Eldgenossiche Technische Hochschule (ETH: Swiss Federal Polytechnic School, or Swiss Federal Institute of Technology), where he intended to study electrical designing. At the point when he bombed that assessment, Einstein enlisted at a Swiss cantonal secondary school in Aarau. He found the more equitable style of guidance at Aarau substantially more charming than his involvement with Munich and before long started to gain fast ground. He took the placement test for ETH a second time in 1896, passed, and was confessed to class, albeit different sources express that he was conceded without assessment based on his recognition from Aarau. ETH had little enticement to Einstein, be that as it may. He seldom went to classes and loathed reading for assessments, in spite of the fact that he graduated with an auxiliary showing degree in 1900. He turned into an instructor of science and material science in auxiliary s chool. (Albert Einstein's Early Life) As an educator Einstein couldn't get a customary showing line of work. Rather he was a guide in a non-public school in Schaffhausen. With his additional time in 1901, Einstein distributed his first logical paper, Results of Capillary Phenomena.? In 1902 he was employed at the patent office until 1909. During this timeframe, he was marry to his first spouse Mileva Marie and had two children and a girl. There are no records of his little girl because of the way that she was surrendered for reception, they just didn't need her. (Finding World History) In 1905, during a solitary year, Einstein created a progression of three sequential papers. These are among the most significant in twentieth-century material science, and maybe in the entirety of the written history of science for they upset the manner in which researchers take a gander at the idea of room, time, and matter. (Finding World History) The arrangement of three papers managed the idea of molecule development known as Brownian movement, the quantum idea of electromagnetic radiation as exhibited by the photoelectric impact, and the exceptional hypothesis of relativity (Discovering Science). The main paper of the arrangement, On the Movement of Small Particles Suspended in Stationary Liquid Demanded by the Molecular-Kinetic Theory of Heat,? managed a wonder initially saw by Scottish Botanist Robert Brown in 1827. Earthy colored expressed that little particles, for example, dust particles, move about with a crisscross movement when suspended in water. The obvious development of
Saturday, August 22, 2020
The Birmingham Bombings: Views of Martin Luther King and Jessie Jackson The bombings and walks in Birmingham Alabama were significant worries for every single common right pioneers. During the 50Ã¢â¬â¢s and 60Ã¢â¬â¢s, social equality pioneers battled against shamefulness in various manners. Some social equality pioneers like Martin Luther King and Jessie Jackson battled against unfairness with a pen. In 1963 Martin Luther King composed a letter titled, Ã¢â¬Å"Letter From a Birmingham JailÃ¢â¬ , and Jessie Jackson composed, Ã¢â¬Å"Jets of Water Blast Civil Rights Demonstrators, Birmingham, 1963.Ã¢â¬ Martin Luther King and Jessie Jackson are two social liberties pioneers of various ages, however with comparable perspectives concerning the Birmingham bombings. There is an observable age distinction among Jackson and King, which brings about two alternate points of view. In Jessie JacksonÃ¢â¬â¢s article he expounded on past encounters, since his article was composed a very long time after the Birmingham occasions. Jackson was only an understudy at the hour of the Birmingham bombings. He just had himself to stress over, however he decided to make the country...
Sunday, August 16, 2020
I Was Sitting Where Youâre Sitting Friday, August 28. Two MIT students sit at the top of the partly-built rollercoaster, one tapping hand on knee to the beat of Galantis (âvisualize itâ). Five are on the drop, drilling: two on the slide itself, two behind it, setting the flat panel of the track, and a fifth, with dyed red hair, passing power tools up to the others. This yearâs East Campus rollercoaster is the steepest wooden rollercoaster on Earth: it starts with an eight-foot vertical drop at a neat 90-degree incline, compared to the previous record of 85 degrees. 12 wheels grip plywood from three directions, binding car to track, and a racing car seat and harness attach rider to car. Following 2011âs attempt at a railroad permit, this is the second year of the rollercoasterâs boundary-pushing (last yearâs rollercoaster track was 150 feet long), educational, and completely legal return. Across the courtyard eight students lift one side of a giant cross-shaped trebuchet. There are 600- to 800-pound weights on the ballast (âOnce the rockets are up, who cares where they go downâ) and one transitory person-weight, climbing on and through the beams. Additional science projects fill the courtyard: a fort with rope bridges, 3d twister, and a wrestling pit filled with hair gel thickening agent. Iâve been at MIT for a while: this is my sixth REX, and this time, I am on assignment with MIT Technology Review. Together with photographer PJ Iâm covering Residence EXploration, a multiple-day party before term starts when frosh find their home(s) at MIT, in every sense of the word. (Iâve heard that if CPW is like a tangerine, REX is like an orange.) My goals this REX are special and new: Iâve already built my home; what I need is a snapshot of yours. As I find my way from EC to BC someone whizzes past on a three-wheeled electric skateboard, the wheels reverberating loudly against the rocky west campus sidewalk. I hear: âOh! Going down!â as something sails out a window onto the roof belowâ"I know I must be in the right place. The first floor of Burton-Conner: potted plants on windowsills and a Dalek at the end of the hall. Upstairs, Burton 5 is actualizing models from The World Record Paper Airplane Book (none of which, they tell me, have yet made it past the roof). On the table airplane cookies are dotted, striped, and outlined in blue frosting. Burton 5 sits on couches and windowsills, leaning against walls and the space where the window glass would be, discussing and testing the limits of paper folding and the aerodynamics of folded paper. A cool breeze blows in through the window, carrying planes back toward the building: tiny airplane corpses markered with secret messages speckle the roof below and the trees (âInto the tree!â), white paper on green leaves and swaying branches. The conversation shifts to Myth Busters as a real helicopter flies over Simmons, crossing striated clouds in the grey-white sky. Outside in Briggs Field birds swoop, land in batting nets, and pick back up again across the l awn. On the other side of the field, chains of Spongifarians spin in circles and weave through each other, parents yelling from cars to their Scottish dancing freshmen. A few hours later we are inside, the dark grid of windows a stark contrast to the talk and laughter indoors. The theme is giant stuff: giant Connect Four, giant foam swords, and a game with giant cards circled around torso-sized inflatable bowling pins. I kneel down to ask about the bowling pins; instead of answering the frosh open the circle and we divvy up the cards for a game of BS. (Later they tell me that they had been playing spoons with giant bowling pins instead of spoons.) BS with giant cards is a challenge: itâs hard to lie when your lies are 8.25 by 11.75 inches. Jack Johnson plays in the background and a pink-cheeked, natural-hair-colored girl builds on a person-height octagonal prism that is soon to be a waterfall of wooden blocks. Meanwhile in Random Hall, Catan settlers build cardboard roads across the carpet, tossing box-sized dice and trying not to eat their resources: graham-cracker bricks, pretzel wheat, Oreo iron, and marshmallow sheep (âOreos run out fastâ). Back at EC the rollercoaster, whirring power tools, and punks in hard hats are lit up by yellow lamps. Multicolored walls glow through warm windows. Two poi spinners practice and a giant Tesla coil quacks to the music, which switches from âWe Canât Stopâ to âLay Down Sally.â Behind the caution tape two people are having a heart-to-heart in the dip of the rollercoaster. The moon flashes between the branches. The green of the trees is washed into tinted grey by the yellow lights. PJ and I come back on Tuesday and catch the New House paint war; B^3 (brownies, Belgian chocolate, brown sugar), salty caramel, and Belgian chocolate ice cream and mango sorbet at McCormick*; Burton-Conner wrestling in scintillating orange jello**; almond and green tea ice cream at Random Hall, excess liquid nitrogen surging across the carpet***; and, at EC, a girl with red, purple, and blue hair painting white paste bleach into a new convertâs hair. I get to ride the Big Flipper at Next House and sharpie my name onto the survivor board (âbetter survival rate than lifeâ****). The flipper mechanism itself is between 200 and 300 pounds (with a 45-pound dorm weightroom weight as a counterweight): it is dropped, not pushed; thanks to conservation of energy you canât go full circle. We get to watch preparations for the campus-wide water war: water balloons and white PVC pipe water guns being tested, water clashing against shields; and at Simmons a chariot with flags and a huge Tro jan duck with angry eyebrows, inscribed: âDO U EVEN LIFT.â * Soundtrack: Calvin Harrisâs and Florence Welchâs âSweet Nothing,â Owl Cityâs âWhen Can I See You Again?â Toppings: hot fudge, gummy bears, chocolate kisses, whipped cream, chocolate sprinkles. ** My notes say that the pool was highlighter-color (pink, yellow, and green), and that the bright orange jello scintillated like jewels in the light that filtered through the trees, spilling out onto the pale tapestry and the two mattresses beneath it. *** My notes say that the LN2 rushing across the carpet was like the flood released by Elrond on the Ford (âwhite horses with shining white ridersâ) on page 218 of Haydenâs green hardcover 1994 copy of the Lord of the Rings (which you cannot check out right now because I have it). **** Quite possibly the most terrifying moment of my life (Iâm very scared of both heights and speed) followed by calm swinging. No joke: you climb up to the platform like youâre climbing up to a diving board; then they strap you in and cover your arms and legs with a black drape like you get at a barbershop (or the hangman). The whole thing took one week to build and was up for another week after that, and the students who designed it had been designing it since spring. Killian is clear blue sky and unsuspecting tourists. Itâs warm in the shade, and a cool wind is blowing in from the Charles. The Simmons chariot drags across the grass, flags waving, cheers and screams. Water shoots out of the Trojan duck. The east assembles under building 2 (inscribed Lavoisier and Newton); the west mans an art sculpture beneath building 1 (Darwin). Battle cries issue from across construction and grow to an approaching roar: âWest is best!â East Campus gives a retaliatory cry, marching along the pedestrian passageway through the construction, and assembles at the opposite end of the lawn. The two opposing lines exchange their opposing battle cries and rush into each other. Bikinis and swim trunks mix with normal clothes and polka dot onsies; red hair dots the sea of people. I catch a helmet with horns, someone carrying backup water on their back, and the Simmons Trojan duck spreading its wings, shielding its beloved creators. Finally the east side cheers: âMIT!â The west joins the chant and the music abruptly shifts to âWhy Canât We Be Friends.â The action calms and the two sides merge one more time to high-five and expend remaining supplies. The east side chants âBexley!â as the lawn empties. In the silence I notice that the west sideâs art fort is titled: âThree-piece reclining figure, drapedâ; alternately: âPlease do not climb on sculpture.â Its base is wet; nothing remains of the water war except two PVC pipe guns left at perpendicular angles leaning against the sculpture. The top of the Green Building weather balloon blinks as the first early autumn leaves drift from the trees. PJ and I chill at Killian and eventually head back to East Campus. Itâs hard to balance data collection and socializingâ"because I spent most of my real on-campus MIT social life on the east side, East Campus is full of familiar and friendly faces, some of which I havenât seen in a while. The rollercoaster is almost done; in-between the third and fourth human trials the dorm president delivers the first strike against the wall of high school accomplishments, which the new freshmen had been adding to over the past few days. âHigh school is over!â she calls, and somehow connects it to fighting the administration (âTear down the wall!â). She puts on a white hard hat and thwacks it, leaving a dent (âDestroy!â). My friends all seem to disappear as soon as PJ leaves; itâs nighttime and suddenly Iâm no longer surrounded by people. Someone is helping their baby climb the curved transient rock wall, and someone else is lighting cups on fire over embers on the grill. I donât know any of these people. A song is playing that I will forever associate with being a freshman (though somehow I canât identify the memory I pulled the song from). Most of the party has retreated, quietly, into lounges and dorm rooms I donât live in. I pull out a chair and sit alone, alternating between trying to look busy and wistfully looking around. I wonder if it would be weird to mingle with frosh who said they follow my blog and then decide that it probably would, so I check up on celebrity gossip and the code Iâm running for lab. People run up and down the wall opposite from where the baby was, and I finally resolve to get up. Behind me on the fort a string of lights has either appeared or been turned on while I wasnât paying attention. The XX is playing, then Broken Bells (âIve got nothing left, its kind of wonderful / âCause theres nothing they can take awayâ). Writing for Technology Review was truly epic. This was my first time writing for print, my first time (at least since college apps) working under a strict word limit, and my first time working with a real, actual editor. Even more, this article is significant to me because MIT Technology Review was what started me on the path to MIT, well over a decade ago, when I was small, reading everything I could get my hands on, and bored visiting family friends who just happened to be parents of an MIT alumnus (and got that alumnusâs copies of MIT Technology Review). Before that road trip it was my dadâs Popular Science; afterward it was secondhand copies of Technology Review when I could get them and finally the admissions blogs, which became my homepage until the semester I applied five years later. The blogs (which at that point were very new) got me really hooked, and showed me that I could actually imagine myself at MIT; before that, Technology Review showed me that science and engineering are epic, that I wanted to do something like that when I grew up, and that MIT was a place where it happened and the place I wanted to be (and, apparently, a school with students and an application process, which to ok me a while to realize (in part because Iâm not sure I knew what college was)). I had no idea how many drafts (six, though it depends on how you count it) and evenings (lots) go into an article, or how much work goes into planning and editing it and by how many people (also lots). I worked on it in the gap between my summer sublet ending and the new lease starting (which just happened to also be the first week of classes (excellent)), from my friend Paula J. â14âs apartment in Alewife. I got to work with Alice Dragoon, senior editor of MIT News, who was and continues to be incredibly kind to and patient with me (I am an appallingly slow writer). I think in the end, the final product was as much hers as mine, though the blending is seamless. Iâm in love with how the piece evolved and ended up. The process of editing (really editing, not just looking over my work a second time, which is what I used to call editing) was a new kind of challenge that I hadnât tried before, even as a writing minor. You can get a bit of a peek at the method: this blog post is a clumping of the first and second drafts, most of which didnât make it (my notes alone were more than twice the wordcount), and a bit of new material, like this sentence. Go check out the final version, online or on pages 16 through 18 of the MIT News section of the November/December issue, with photographs by PJ of lots of the cool things I listed (see if you can match them up!), and please comment there too when you comment here. And a special bonus: please write in to Alice ASAP (this week or this weekend) at MITNews [at] technologyreview [dot] com with thoughts or feelings about REX or about this piece or with your own REX stories to add your own voice to the next Technology Review. At that, my last REX ends where the 2019sâ MIT journey began, with the words of freshman convocation speakers, Drs. Emanuel: âI was sitting where youâre sitting, feeling that interesting combination of fear and excitementâ; Bhatia: âAll of you are writing your own MIT story, starting todayâ; and, most of all, Reif: âKeep your mind open to new possibilities, and explore paths that you may not have expected.â Post Tagged #REX
Sunday, May 24, 2020
In classical rhetoric, parrhesia is free, frank, and fearless speech. In ancient Greek thought, speaking with parrhesia meant saying everything or speaking ones mind. An intolerance of parrhesia, notes S. Sara Monoson, marked tyranny of both the Hellenic and Persian varieties in the Athenian view. . . . The coupling of freedom and parrhesia in the democratic self-image . . . functioned to assert two things: the critical attitude appropriate to a democratic citizen, and the open life promised by democracy (Platos Democratic Entanglements, 2000). Examples and Observations The author of [Rhetorica] ad Herennium discussed a figure of thought called parrhesia (frankness of speech). This figure occurs when, talking before those to whom we owe reverence or fear, we yet exercise our right to speak out, because we seem justified in reprehending them, or persons dear to them, for some fault (IV xxxvi 48). For example: The university administration has tolerated hate speech on this campus, and so to some extent they are responsible for its widespread use. An opposing figure is litotes(understatement), where a rhetor diminishes some feature of the situation that is obvious to all.(Sharon Crowley and Debra Hawhee, Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students. Pearson, 2004)To best reflect the meanings in its own context, parrhesia should be thought of as true speech: the parrhesiastes is the one who speaks the truth. Parrhesia required that the speaker use the most direct words and expressions possible in order to make it clear that whatever he might be saying wa s his own opinion. As a speech activity, parrhesia was largely limited to male citizens.(Kyle Grayson, Chasing Dragons. University of Toronto Press, 2008)What is basically at stake in parrhesia is what could be called, somewhat impressionistically, the frankness, freedom, and openness, that leads one to say what one has to say, as one wishes to say it, when one wishes to say it, and in the form one thinks is necessary for saying it. The term parrhesia is so bound up with the choice, decision, and attitude of the person speaking that the Latins translated it by, precisely, libertas [speaking freely].(Michel Foucault, The Hermeneutics of the Subject: Lectures at the College de France 1981--1982. Macmillan, 2005)The Fearless Speech of Malcolm XMalcolm X is the great example of parrhesia in the black prophetic tradition. The term goes back to line 24A of Platos Apology, where Socrates says, the cause of my unpopularity was my parrhesia, my fearless speech, my frank speech, my plain spee ch, my unintimidated speech. The hip hop generation talks about keeping it real. Malcolm was as real as it gets. James Brown talked about make it funky. Malcolm was always. Bring in the funk, bring in the truth, bring in the reality. . . .When Malcom looked at black life in America, he saw wasted potential; he saw unrealized aims. This kind of prophetic witness can never be crushed. There was no one like him in terms of having the courage to risk life and limb to speak such painful truths about America.(Cornel West, Firebrand. Smithsonian, February 2015)Eisenhower on the Military-Industrial ComplexWe annually spend on military security alone more than the net income of all United States corporations.Now this conjunction of an immense military establishment and a large arms industry is new in the American experience. The total influence--economic, political, even spiritual--is felt in every city, every Statehouse, every office of the Federal government. We recognize the imperative ne ed for this development. Yet, we must not fail to comprehend its grave implications. Our toil, resources, and livelihood are all involved. So is the very structure of our society.In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist. We must never let the weight of this combination endanger our liberties or democratic processes. We should take nothing for granted. Only an alert and knowledgeable citizenry can compel the proper meshing of the huge industrial and military machinery of defense with our peaceful methods and goals, so that security and liberty may prosper together. . . .Disarmament, with mutual honor and confidence, is a continuing imperative. Together we must learn how to compose differences, not with arms, but with intellect and decent purpose. Because this need is so sharp and apparent , I confess that I lay down my official responsibilities in this field with a definite sense of disappointment. As one who has witnessed the horror and the lingering sadness of war, as one who knows that another war could utterly destroy this civilization which has been so slowly and painfully built over thousands of years, I wish I could say tonight that a lasting peace is in sight.Happily, I can say that war has been avoided. Steady progress toward our ultimate goal has been made. But so much remains to be done.(President Dwight Eisenhower, Farewell Address, January 17, 1961)Straight Talk as a Rhetorical TropeI read S. Sara Monosons excellent work on parrhesia (frank speech) in ancient Athens. I thought, this is it--we can use this ethic of parrhesia as our own democratic ideal! But then I began to notice that our popular culture in fact already praised something like parrhesia: straight talk. Political theorists also have a similar ethic: sincerity. But the problem was that a lot of straight-talkers seemed deeply undemocratic: straight talk seemed to have become a trope, another tool of crafty politicians and smart advertising executives.(Elizabeth Markovits, The Politics of Sincerity: Plato, Frank Speech, and Democratic Judgment. The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2008)
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Logistics management covers every stage of the physical distribution process, from raw materials and component parts being ordered and delivered to the factory, materials handling and storage, stock control, sales forecasting from which the forecasts of individual components parts, transport and storage requirements are derived. Other functions include order processing, the purchasing and replenishment of stock, packing, delivery, achievement of set service levels, warehouse location, fleet management and scheduling and the management and operation of a logistics information system which acts as a recording system, aids forecasting, scheduling, model building and produces the myriad of documentation needed for the efficientÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Because the activities making up logistics management are often complex and highly specialised, they need to be managed by professional staff. To illustrate this, the use of fork lift trucks, cranes, gantries and lifts can be a very d angerous business. Such equipment forms the tools of materials handling. The improper use of such equipment can result in serious injury and damage or even death. Consequently, the people in charge of such operations must be fully qualified and professional. Likewise, those in charge of transport must have technical expertise. The proper loading of vehicles, the securing of loads, the correct weight distribution of loads, the handling of dangerous and hazardous material all require specialised knowledge and expertise. No one would expect a marketing manager or director, no matter how experienced, to be qualified in all of these specialist areas. Although it is becoming increasingly likely that senior marketing staff might have come from a physical distribution background, specialist staff will still be needed. It is not intended that marketing should dictate the day-to-day management policy of the logistics function. This should be left to those individuals who are qualified to make the correct decisions and judgments. However, because logistics has such an important long-term strategicShow MoreRelatedLogistics Management And Supply Chain Management1171 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesLogistics and Supply Chain Management Topic: Do the terms, Ã¢â¬Ëlogistics managementÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ësupply chain managementÃ¢â¬â¢ have the same meaning in operations and why logistics management might be of strategic importance to a manufacturing or service organisation. During last two decades, the importance of logistics has been noticed around the world. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The path of small entrepreneurs is not rosy. Small entrepreneurs face the following types of problems: (1) Problem of raw materials: A major problem that the small entrepreneurs face is the procurement of raw materials. They have to confront with numerous problems like; i. We will write a custom essay sample on Problems of Small Scale Industries or any similar topic only for you Order Now Availability of inadequate quantity ii. Poor quality of materials iii. High cost of raw materials etc All these factors adversely affect the proper functioning of small units. (2) Problem of finance: Finance is one of the most important problems faced by small entrepreneurs. As finance is the life blood of a business organization and no business organization can function properly in the absence of adequate funds. The problem of finance in small sector is mainly due to two reasons i. e. (i) Scarcity of capital in the country as a whole. (ii) Weal credit-worthiness of small units in the country. Due to their weak economic base, they find it difficult to take financial assistance from the commercial banks and financial institutions. Therefore, small entrepreneurs have to obtain credit from the money lenders on a very high rate of interest. (3) Problem of marketing: One of the major problems faced by small entrepreneurs is in the field of marketing. They are not in a position to get first hand information about the market i. e. information about completion, taste, liking disliking of consumers. Therefore, they are not able to upgrade their products according to the changing business environment. These small units acceding to the changing business environment. These small units often do not process any marketing organization. As a consequence, their product quality compares unfavorably with the quality of the products of the large scale industries. Therefore, these industries suffer from a comparative disadvantage as compared to large scale industries. (4) Problem of under utilization of capacity: Most of the small entrepreneurs are suffering from the problem of under utilization of capacity. Small scale units are making only 40 to 50 percent use of their installed capacities due to various reasons such as shortage of finance, raw-materials, power and under-developed markets for their products. (5) Outdated technology: Most of the small entrepreneurs depend upon old techniques and equipment. These units find it very difficult to modernize their plant and machinery due to limited capacity and capital. He quality of products and productivity tend be low in the absence of modern technology and that too at higher cost. They are in no position to complete with their better equipped rivals operating modern large scale units. For example, Khaki products even after government subsidy seem to be costlier. (6) Poor project planning: Poor project planning is another problem faced by small entrepreneurs. In the absence of education and experience, these entrepreneurs do not attach much significance to viability studies. They do not bother to study the demand aspect, marketing problems, sources of raw materials. Inexperienced and incompetent entrepreneurs often submit unrealistic feasibility reports and incomplete documents which invariably result in delays in completing promotional formalities. They cannot afford to avail services of project consultants due to limited financial resources. (7) Inadequate infrastructure: Insufficient quality and quantity of transportation, communication and other basic services particularly in backward areas is another problem. Inadequate infrastructure results in under utilization of capacity and wastages. Inadequate infrastructures also adversely affect the quality, quantity and production schedule of the enterprises operating in these areas. Therefore, their functioning will become uneconomical and unviable. (8) Problem of skilled manpower: A small entrepreneur located in backward area may not have problem of unskilled workers but it may be exposed to the problem of non-availability of skilled workers. Skilled workers may be reluctant to work in their areas and small scale enterprise may not afford to pay the wages and other facilities demanded by these persons. Unavailability of skilled manpower result in lower productivity, deterioration of quality, increase in wastages, rise in other overhead costs and finally adverse impact on the profitability of these small scale units. (9) Managerial problem: Another serious problem for small scale units is managerial inadequacies. Modern business demands vision, knowledge, skill, aptitude and whole hearted devotion. The managerial competence of the entrepreneur is very important for the success of any venture. An entrepreneur is required to undergo training and counseling for developing his organization revolves. Therefore, he must be fully conversant with all aspects of management. Lack of proper commitment and managerial skill will add to the problems of entrepreneurs. (10) Other problems: In addition to above discussed problems, the small scale industries have been constrained by a number of other problems such as trained technicians, technological obsolescence, unorganized nature of operation etc. How to cite Problems of Small Scale Industries, Essay examples
Monday, May 4, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Marketing Strategies for Influence and Productivity. Answer: Introduction In this paper, the selected organization is Peters Ice Cream which is an Australia-based Ice Manufacture Company. Besides that, it is one of the top ice cream manufacturers in the industry of Australia, and it was founded in the year 1907. On the other hand, the Peter ice cream was introduced to R R ice cream of European firm and Peters Ice Cream came into the international market many years ago. On the other hand, Peters Ice Cream has implemented many changes in their business strategies (Brown, 2004). Moreover, their strategies changes which need to implement as that, innovative strategies planning to execute properly in the competitive market for sustainability. Along with this part, the company must motivate and encourage their employees for future growth with innovative approaches to capture the whole ice market in Australia. In addition, various issues that affect ice market will be discussed in this paper. On the other hand, the different marketing strategy of other rival comp anies how to influence the performance of Peter Ice Cream will also be evaluated in this study (Pearson, 2007). Marketing Advantages The market includes several factors or issue that impact the performance of an organization. Keeping in mind the end goal to accomplish desirable objectives organizations needs to lead some appropriate marketing strategies. As indicated by recent market research, Peters Ice Cream needs to concentrate on the correct marketing mix to enhance the revenue of the organization through marketing advantages. Though, so as to support in this competitive worldwide market Peters Ice Cream should implement strategy and utilize marketing advantages (Fulmer and Goldsmith, 2011). Each and every segment of the marketing advantages will be discussed in this paper. Moreover, various aspects of current marketing advantages will be analyzed through proper arguments and justification. Along with part, Peter Ice Cream can improve the productivity and customer satisfaction level by effective quality ice products and service. Besides that, the marketing advantages incorporates segmentation, targeting, diffe rentiation, and positioning and each type of components of effective marketing advantages are explained below: Segmentation The segmentation is one of the tangible aspects of marketing advantages, and it concludes geographic, customer behavior, and psychological and demographic. On the other hand, segmentation demonstrates the accurate and current market opportunities which organization can grab for improvement(Weinstein, 2008). With the help of certain atmosphere, thickness, the market estimate the geographic component, the management of Peters Ice Cream ought to examine the marketing environment so as to create any new item in the market because the geographic area is a fundamental variable. Moreover, Peters Ice Cream includes a few ranges where huge thickness clients are accessible. Apart from that, the demographic segmentation is another notable part on the grounds that in a few regions like different items of interest effortlessly accessible. In addition, the customer behavior mostly effects the demographic segmentation and incorporates a few components of customer approach, for example, age, wage, e thnic foundation and family cycle (Bigalow, 2002). Along these lines, Peters Ice Cream ought to create their items as indicated by the demographic phases of clients. Despite the fact that, the psychological segmentation section a market on the premise of motivates, identity and way of life of customers. Apart from that, the psychological components influence a consumer in a successful state of mind. Besides that, Peters Ice Cream should provide a careful attention to psychological figures demand to attract more customers. Deliberating the behavioral segmentation, among all because the supportability of an ice related item depends on upon the consumer behavior. On the other hand, Peters Ice Cream should analyze the customer behavior before presenting another ice products in the market. Target The targeting clients are one of the essential marketing practice that influences organizational performance. Peter Ice Cream needs to analyze the need of potential customers and targeting them which is a strategy keeping in mind the end goal to grab more potential customers. In this targeting strategy, Peters Ice Cream draws the focus of clients with an unsociable offer, and they disregard the market portion contrast(Bartolini, Hilton and Prati, 2006). Additionally, the comparative requirements of customers must draw the attention of Peters Ice Cream. So, they can distribute and offer individual ice product according to need of the customer. On the other hand, Peters Ice Cream needs to focus on the requirements of their target customers to increase profit. Be that as it may, with the assistance of target segmentation, Peters Ice Cream can be determined on an optimal about what number of assemblies of the customer to be focused on their business. With a specific end goal to assess ev ery market section, the objective marketing process assumes a basic part, and the estimations of market portions are additionally concealed by target marketing process. Be that as it may, the idea of target marketing is affected by the intelligent ramifications of market rationality. In this way, Peters Ice Cream needs to focus on a particular section which can create as most extreme benefit alongside incredible customer satisfaction. With the assistance of a solitary fragment, the majority of the organizations include more portions in their objective marketing process. Besides that, Peter Ice Cream should target customers as per the behavior analyzed which was observed the management(Harvard business review on customer relationship management, 2001). Differentiation With a specific end goal to get the main position of Australian frozen industry, Peters Ice Cream brought a ton of variations in their marketing actions. On the other hand, Peter Ice Cream continually modify their marketing strategy inside the time base and get achievement in a skillful mind-set. Peters Ice Cream obtained 'operation Checkout' that includes the desertion of green shield stamps, the conclusion of cost and suit buying for all stores of Peters Ice Cream. Apart from that, In 1999 Peters Ice Cream effectively assumed control over the chain of the frozen yogurt market(Harvard business review on customer relationship management, 2001). In addition, Peters Ice Cream impelled a certainty card, and they accustomed online shopping management withdraw the reflection of customers. Peter Ice Cream also provide service to the housing complex and corporate sections. Moreover, they operated the merged stores with the help of Express arrangement. In present days, more than 500 Peters I ce Cream ice stores have been recognized over the Australia, and it presented an imaginative USA telecom division and online marketing. Position In the segment of Peters Ice Cream, they have effectively executed authentic marketing strategy and satisfy many customers through their excellent ice products. Utilizing the promotional activity, Peters Ice Cream position itself as a low-value ice item in the stores of Peters Ice Cream. They perceive that this strategy is exceptionally helpful in ice industry and a colossal number of clients are pulled in by these low estimated ice items. Other than that, after a specific timeframe, Peters Ice Cream can refund their customer with the assistance of dependability program. Besides, they have compelling and gorgeous stores which draw the attention of the customer (Promotional activity, 2004). Recommendation In the most recent couple of years, the frozen distributor like Peters Ice Cream have turned out to be increasingly successful and enhanced its shares in the marketplace consistently. Different organizations rule a large portion of the Australian ice market. The real brands as opponents of Peters Ice Cream had possessed a greater stake in the marketplace(Aaker, 2008). On the other hand, Peter Ice Cream needs to remain in front of these competitors and for this, it needs to take a gander at a few components which are influencing its worldwide market. Besides that, the marketing analysis helps the business to choose the item and development of market strategy is called Ansoff Growth grid. In addition, it recommends that the endeavor taken by the business for the development of market trust on upon the condition of the market. Apart from that, the state can hold of existing items in existing market. Aside from that, Peter Ice Cream should use the process for their strategy development. Along with this part, it needs to satisfy the consumer's necessity on the grounds that the behaviors of the customer are evolving. Moreover, the customers should be offered by Peter Ice Cream with new and tasty ice or frozen products(Aaker, 2008). Conclusion This paper is based on the practical marketing strategy implementation of Peter Ice Cream. Besides that, the management needs to focus on these targeted customers to increase profit. Moreover, with the help of the marketing segmentation, targeting, and positioning, Peter Ice Cream can identify actual requirements of the customers to serve desired ice products. On the other hand, in order to gain competitive advantages, Peter Ice Cream must recognize the strategies of rival companies in ice industry. Besides that, Peter Ice Cream can develop the performance of the organization by satisfying their customers. References Aaker, D. (2008).Strategic market management. 1st ed. New York: Wiley. Bartolini, L., Hilton, R. and Prati, A. (2006).Money market integration. 1st ed. [Washington, D.C.]: International Monetary Fund, Research Dept. Bigalow, S. (2002).Profitable candlestick trading. 1st ed. New York: Wiley. Brown, W. (2004).Organization. 1st ed. Harmondsworth: Penguin. Fulmer, R. and Goldsmith, M. (2011).The leadership investment. 1st ed. New York: AMACOM. Harvard business review on customer relationship management. (2001). 1st ed. Boston: Harvard Business School Press. Pearson, G. (2007).The competitive organization. 1st ed. London: McGraw-Hill. Promotional activity. (2004). 1st ed. Watford: IGD. Weinstein, A. (2008).Market segmentation. 1st ed. Chicago, Ill.: Probus Pub. Co.